Study by IKEA and H&M Group sheds new light on the opportunities for recycled textiles

Finding clean and reliable sources of recycled materials is a pre-requisite for IKEA to reach its circular goals. However, closing the recycling loop for materials such as textiles, presents several industry challenges, such as lack of knowledge about the chemical content within recyclable textile. Therefore, IKEA and H&M Group have conducted a large-scale study to better understand how current recyclable textiles measure against existing chemical standards.

One of the key steps for IKEA in transforming into a circular business by 2030, is to only use recycled or renewable materials. Closing the recycling loop for materials such as textiles, presents a series of challenges, including lack of recycling technologies, limited availability of collected recyclable textile, and traceability, to name a few. Furthermore, there are few large scale studies conducted on the chemical contents in collected recyclable textile.

IKEA and H&M Group have the ambition to tackle these challenges, and as a result have collaborated on a large-scale study looking at chemical content in collected recyclable textile, with a focus on cotton as the first step. The aim is to share this knowledge and create awareness among industry members as well as policy makers and legislators, enabling fact based decisions in the adoption of the circular business model more broadly.

“Transforming into a circular economy and making use of recycled materials, requires the industry to have an aligned approach to material development, including which types of substances and levels, are safe. With this study, we want to understand how collected recyclable cotton textile measures against the strict safety standards we have at IKEA,” says Nils Månsson, Materials and Innovation Deployment Manger at IKEA Range and Supply.

Collected recyclable textiles often consist of mixed materials, where the chemical contents are unknown. That is why large-scale studies are needed, where several chemical substances are tested. This study consists of over 8,000 tests made on recyclable cotton textiles, which were randomly collected from different organisations and recyclers in Europe.

“We now know which specific chemicals within the tested groups are likely to be found. It enables us to better understand which tests need to be conducted in order to make use of recyclable cotton textile, while meeting our strict safety standards. To our knowledge this is the first study of this sort and scale, and we look forward to inviting others to join this approach and collectively increase our understanding,” says Mirjam Luc, Project leader for Circular Materials at IKEA Range and Supply.

Even though this study sheds new light on the topic, there is still a need for even more knowledge. Therefore IKEA and H&M Group have decided to continue with the study and as a next step conduct tests on collected recyclable polyester and wool rich textiles.


About IKEA
IKEA is one brand and many companies. Around the globe, a large number of companies operate under the IKEA trademarks. IKEA Range & Supply, consisting of IKEA of Sweden in Älmhult and IKEA Supply AG in Pratteln, Switzerland, have the responsibility to develop, design, produce and supply IKEA stores and sales channels around the world with home furnishing solutions available to the many people. Each year IKEA Range & Supply introduces 2,000 new products. The total range is almost 10,000 products.


About H&M Group
H & M Hennes & Mauritz AB (publ) was founded in Sweden in 1947 and is quoted on Nasdaq Stockholm. H&M’s business idea is to offer fashion and quality at the best price in a sustainable way. In addition to H&M, the group includes the brands COS, Monki, Weekday, & Other Stories, H&M HOME and ARKET as well as Afound. The H&M group has 50 online markets and more than 4,900 stores in 73 markets including franchise markets. In 2018, net sales were SEK 210 billion. The number of employees amounts to approximately 177,000. For further information, visit

Related links

IKEA aims to use only recycled polyester in textile products by 2020

IKEA Sustainability Strategy

Our view on inspiring a circular mindset